- About Us
- Partners & References
For decades, the focus of improving fuel combustion efficiency of diesel engine has been to improve the mixing of the fuel and air inside the combustion chamber so that a more complete combustion can take place. This have been achieved, among many innovative ideas, largely by better fuel injection techniques, better air flow dynamics and allowing more time for combustion through longer engine strokes etc. There is a finite limit to the improvement of the mixing of fuel and air in the combustion chamber due to physical limitations to the fuel injector design, dynamic air flow and time available for combustion. Nevertheless, emulsified fuel offers a practical method to further improve this mixing of fuel and air without any modifications to the diesel engine.
In the early 1970’s, with the sudden and rising trend in the price of fuel oil, interests in burning emulsified fuel were rekindled and efforts were directed at studying the feasibility of burning emulsified fuel in marine diesel engines with the aim of achieving fuel saving. Most of the studies made in emulsified fuel have been with diesel engines. One of the pioneers is R.V Thompson and his team from University of Newcastle Upon Tyne. They conducted detailed and extensive research work in water-in-fuel emulsion for several years with breakthrough results. Dr. Ng Kok Loon, the founder of Blue Ocean Solutions, was one of the key persons of the team.
Smaller fuel droplets will achieve better fuel-air mixture as more fuel-air surface will be available for combustion. Therefore, the key to achieve better combustion is to create a secondary atomization effect by adding water into the fuel. The secondary atomization effect creates even smaller fuel droplets after injection.
The microscopic water particles in the fuel are superheated to about 130°C under pressure to prevent the water from boiling off. When the water-in-fuel emulsion is injected into the combustion chamber, the water particles flash off immediately causing a secondary atomization effect creating finer fuel mist and better fuel-air mixture for combustion.
Through extensive and comprehensive research, the optimum water content and particle sizes for maximum fuel saving on marine diesel engines was established: water content of 10% and particle sizes of 2-8 micron.