Mandatory requirements for ships to record and report their fuel consumption

The International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) has agreed on mandatory requirements for ships to record and report their fuel consumption.

Shipping is the cleanest form of transport. However, there are 50,000 ships in the world and according to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), around 80 per cent of global trade by volume and over 70 per cent of global trade by value are carried by sea and are handled by ports worldwide. At the same time the expected growth of world trade is putting more pressure on the future emission targets. Therefore, more measures and targets are needed to enhance the energy effiency of ships.

Last Friday, April 22nd, IMO’s Marine Environment Protection Committee approved a measure requiring ships over 5,000 gt to report fuel consumption (and therefore CO2 emissions) to their flag states.

Under the agreement, which will be drafted for inclusion under MARPOL annex VI at MEPC 70, ships of 5,000 GT+ will be required to collect consumption data for each type of fuel used in addition to other specified data.

This data will have to be reported to flag state at the end of each calendar year.

Under the ruling, if the ship’s consumption data meets requirements, the flag state will issue each ship with a statement of compliance and will transfer the anonymised data to the IMO Ship Fuel Consumption Database.

The data collection requirements could enter into force as early as 2018.